The US Geological Survey has called for more transparency and cooperation among “interested stakeholders” in order to monitor and mitigate the effects of fracking, a process widely blamed for the recent explosion of earthquakes in states like Oklahoma.
A new USGS report, published in the journal Science, connected the increase of unnatural seismic activity in states targeted for oil and gas drilling — including Oklahoma, Texas, Ohio, and Pennsylvania — with the injection of wastewater vital to the process of hydraulic fracturing, orfracking.
The USGS said it was currently working with stakeholders both in and out of the drilling industry to produce a “hazard model” for unnaturally occurring quakes in the US. The model would be updated often to track“changing trends in energy production.”
To unleash oil or natural gas from shale or other areas, fracking requires blasting large volumes of highly pressurized water, sand, and other chemicals into layers of rock.