In August 2013, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) announced that it was 95% certain that climate change is due to the activities of mankind. With the burning of fossil fuels, whether that be coal, oil or gas, huge amounts of carbon dioxide are being released into the atmosphere, creating the greenhouse effect.
More information about carbon emissions can be found in this excellent Guardian datablog.
In order to try and tackle their carbon emissions, countries are turning to other sources of energy. Denmark for example, gets over 25% of its energy from wind turbines, whereas Iceland is the leading country for geothermal energy, due to its location between the European and American tectonic plates.
Whilst these countries and numerous others are investing in renewable energy sources or perhaps even nuclear power, the US is currently enjoying a high…
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